Andrés Molina-Markham


I am a cyber security researcher at the MITRE Corporation. Before working at MITRE, I was a cyber security researcher at Raytheon BBN Technologies and a principal research scientist at RSA Labs. Prior to this, I was a  postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Security, Technology, and Society at Dartmouth College.

I obtained my Ph.D. in Computer Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst working on problems related to security and privacy of resource-constrained devices. In particular, my dissertation addresses the problem of obtaining useful information about a population using data gathered by resource-constrained embedded devices and combining it in a privacy-aware manner.


A. Molina-Markham, K. Bowers. “Doing Something Smart with All the Smart Things.” RSA Conference, 2016. Identity Track.

Devices are increasingly becoming “smart”—connected and interconnected—but the extent of that intelligence is limited. Using a reinforcement learning approach, this presentation will show how the available information and computation in such devices can be coopted to provide both an increase in security and in usability, adjusting over time to find the optimal balance for each and every user.


A. Molina-Markham, R. Peterson, J. Skinner, T. Yun, B. Golla, K. Freeman, T. Peters, J. Sorber, R. Halter, D. Kotz. “Amulet: A secure architecture for mHealth applications for low-power wearable devices.” Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Mobile Medical Applications. 2014.

S. Mare, A. Molina-Markham, C. Cornelius, R. Peterson and D. Kotz. “ZEBRA: Zero-Effort Bilateral Recurring Authentication.” 35th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. 2014.

A. Molina-Markham, S. S. Clark, B. Ransford and K. Fu. BAT: Backscatter Anything-to-tag Communication. Chapter in Wirelessly Powered Sensor Networks and Computational RFID. Springer Signals and Communication. J. R. Smith (Ed.) 2013.

D. B. Kramer, M. Baker, B. Ransford, A. Molina-Markham, Q. Stewart, K. Fu, and M. Reynolds. Security and Privacy Qualities of Medical Devices: An Analysis of FDA Postmarket Surveillance. PLoS ONE 2012. 7(7). July 2012.

A. Molina-Markham, G. Danezis, K. Fu, P. Shenoy, and D. Irwin. Designing Privacy-preserving Smart Meters with Low-cost Microcontrollers. In proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Security (FC 2012). February 2012.

A. Molina-Markham, K. Fu, and P. Shenoy. Privacy Preserving Smart Metering: On the Feasibility on Low Cost, Ultra-Low Power Devices. (Poster at USENIX 2011).

S. Hanna, R. Rolles, A. Molina-Markham, P. Poosankam, K. Fu, and D. Song. Take two software updates and see me in the morning: The Case for Software Security Evaluations of Medical Devices. In Proceedings of 2nd USENIX Workshop on Health Security and Privacy (HealthSec). August 2011.

A. Molina-Markham, P. Shenoy, K. Fu, E. Cecchet, and D. Irwin. Private memoirs of a smart meter. In 2nd ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings (BuildSys 2010), Zurich, Switzerland, November 2010.

A. Molina, M. Salajegheh, K. Fu. HICCUPS: Health Information Collaborative Collection Using Privacy and Security. SPIMACS 2009.

M. Salajegheh, A. Molina, K. Fu. Privacy of home telemedicine: Encryption is not enough (poster). In Design of Medical Devices Conference, April 2009.

G. Shah, A. Molina, and M. Blaze. Keyboards and Covert Channels. Proc. 15th USENIX Security Symposium. Vancouver, BC. August 2006. (Best Student Paper award at USENIX Security 2006 for this work)